Nuclear Submarines: Commanding the Underwater Battlefield

Diesel-electric submarines, powered by diesel engines on the surface and electric batteries underwater, are integral components of naval fleets globally. Esteemed for their relatively modest cost, maneuverability, and effectiveness in littoral waters, these submarines excel in executing silent maneuvers, making them well-suited for reconnaissance, coastal defense, and anti-submarine warfare in shallow and congested domains. However, their limited submerged endurance and reliance on snorkeling for air intake present operational challenges, particularly during prolonged missions.