How is kidney disease diagnosed in a child? | Dr Bhavesh Doshi |Pediatric Surgeon in Mumbai

Your child's symptoms and medical history will be discussed with the pediatric doctor. He or she will give your child a physical exam. Your child may also have tests, such as:

Blood tests are performed. Blood cell counts, electrolyte levels, and kidney function are all examined.

Urine analysis. This test searches for protein and blood in the urine, as well as other abnormalities.

Ultrasound of the kidneys (sonography). This is a painless diagnostic that creates pictures of body tissues using sound waves and a computer. During the test, a doctor passes a transducer across the abdomen in the kidney region. This sends a picture of the kidney to a video screen. The size and form of the kidney may be seen by the doctor .

Renal biopsies The doctor takes a small sample of kidney tissue. This is done with a needle via the skin or during surgery. A microscope is used to examine the sample.

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